The ‘Killing Eve’ Season 3 Finale Proves Eve & Villanelle Are Not Done With Each Other

Spoilers ahead for the Season 3 finale of Killing Eve. Season 3 of Killing Eve may be over, but its central question of who killed Kenny is still unanswered. He may have been pushed off the roof by Konstantin or tumbled by accident when Konstantin confronted him. If you want to get philosophical about it, perhaps Carolyn killed Kenny in a long run of dominoes that started falling when she recruited her son into espionage. That the mystery of Kenny’s death isn’t resolved is frustrating, but also revealing. The central question here was never the most important one. As it has been with every season so far, the only question of consequence is the will they or won’t they between Villanelle and Eve.

The Season 3 finale of Killing Eve ends with Villanelle and Eve staring at each other from 40 paces on Tower Bridge, as far as they can compel themselves to walk apart before turning back. Have they reached the gravitational limits of their yoked hearts, or is it simply a last look?

Until now, there have been plenty of reasons why Villanelle and Eve couldn’t work as a couple. When we meet Villanelle, she’s a murderous sociopath; her most recognizably human impulse is that she forms an overpowering crush on someone she hardly knows because she has nice hair. That’s not the case anymore. Across this season, Villanelle developed a deeper emotional sensibility and maybe even the beginnings of a conscience. She doesn’t want to kill anymore. In fact, she can’t even bring herself to finish off Dasha. When she finally suggests that she and Eve go their separate ways into the London night, it’s the safest she’s ever seemed.

Neither are the would-be lovers divided by work. Villanelle has quit The Twelve, and Eve’s job… well, what is Eve’s job? She started Season 3 as a line cook and finished it as an unpaid sleuth. When she was an MI-6 agent, her mission was to end Villanelle’s murderous spree. With both women effectively retired, another barrier that prevented them being together has dissolved.

The most compelling reason for Eve to avoid Villanelle has always been what that relationship would ultimately cost her. Besides her job, Villanelle posed a threat to Eve’s normal life and Eve’s normal, loving husband. But Niko, of course, was last seen in a hospital in rural Poland, recuperating from injuries incurred at the hands of The Twelve and telling his estranged wife to “piss off.” Eve’s already paid the price she struggled to avoid. If she’s not going to take a chance on Villanelle now, what was the point of her enduring so much ruin?

Eve’s stated reason for walking away in the finale’s last moments is that she doesn’t like the side of her that Villanelle brings out. “I think my monster encourages your monster,” Villanelle tells Eve, who responds honestly: “I think I wanted it to.” But Eve’s had scant contact with the assassin all season and her MO hasn’t changed at all. Act recklessly first, think later. She leads danger to Niko’s doorstep without any help from Villanelle at all.

It’s what Eve says next to Villanelle — “Help me make it stop” — that it’s hard to understand. She’s sacrificed so much already. Villanelle, at least as she behaves with Eve, is practically transformed, so much so that Villanelle doesn’t fight Eve’s request at all. Instead, she’s the one who starts to walk away.

But the decision to walk away is momentary; the decision to stay away, like a couple’s decision to stay together, has to be made again and again. The episode leaves it unresolved, but it’s hard to imagine that two people who can’t endure the breadth of the Thames between them without looking back to check on each other are ready to make the commitment required for a true, lasting goodbye.

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The Connection Between Chris Tucker and Jeffrey Epstein

Chris Tucker has been laying low for a while, but his name started trending on Twitter on May 31 when it was found in a black book allegedly belonging to late financier Jeffrey Epstein. This has fans creating all kinds of conspiracies regarding the nature of their relationship, but it is more clear-cut than they might realize.

Inside Jeffrey Epstein’s life

Epstein was known throughout his life for his ties to the celebrity world.

“I invest in people — be it politics or science,” he said in a 2002 interview with New York magazine. “It’s what I do.”

Epstein associated with some of the biggest and most powerful people in the world, including President Donald Trump. He was linked to Tucker in 2002 when the Rush Hour actor flew on Epstein’s plane for a trip to Africa with President Bill Clinton and Kevin Spacey, per New York Magazine.

“I especially appreciated his insights and generosity during the recent trip to Africa to work on democratization, empowering the poor, citizen service, and combating HIV/AIDS,” Clinton said of Epstein at the time.

Chris Tucker’s link to Jeffrey Epstein appears to be just that

It appears that Tucker has never publicly commented on Epstein or the trip. But his reported use of the plane seems to be his only link to the financier — who died by suicide in August 2019 while facing federal sex trafficking charges — and could explain why his name might have been listed in Epstein’s contacts.

Fans were quick to point this out when Tucker started trending on Twitter over the black book entry, with one person writing: “Chris Tucker’s name is on that list but only because he was associated with the Clinton Foundation. People better be real careful with what they assume.”

“People are such morons,” added a second person, who also pointed out that Gawker obtained and released a copy of the black book years ago. “There is nothing [new] about that black book. It was already published in 2015. And just because Epstein collected phone numbers of rich and famous people does not mean they wanted to have contact with him.”

The trip was mentioned in the Netflix documentary on Jeffrey Epstein

One of Epstein’s accusers, Chauntae Davies, reflected on the moment in the 2020 miniseries Jeffrey EpsteinFilthy Rich. She described the trip as a “surreal” experience and one of the best things that has ever happened to her.

“This trip to Africa is probably the single most amazing moment of my life,” she said. “And I remember having this false belief that the abuse had stopped because nothing had happened in Africa, thinking that maybe it just wasn’t gonna happen anymore. But after the Africa trip, the abuse started all over again and it never stopped after that.”

RELATED: ‘Jeffrey Epstein: Filthy Rich’: What Happened to Epstein’s Florida House Shown on the Netflix Docuseries?

Many Epstein accusers claimed he used the plane to fly out women and that sex acts often took place on the aircraft. There is no evidence that Tucker, Clinton, or Spacey participated in those alleged activities or had any knowledge of them.

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'The Incredible Dr. Pol': The NatGeo Wild Star is Inspiring a Whole New Generation of Veterinarians

Now in its sixteenth season, The Incredible Dr. Pol has been allowing viewers a sneak peek into the working life of a large-animal farm vet (who also treats small animals of every kind) in his Michigan community.

RELATED: How Many Seasons Does ‘The Incredible Dr. Pol’ Have Under Its Belt?

The reality show has also apparently been influencing a new crop of wanna-be veterinarians to pursue a career just like Dr. Pol’s.

What inspired Dr. Pol to become a veterinarian

Born in 1942 in the Netherlands, Dr. Pol was raised on a farm to appreciate and care for animals, and that he did. As a youngster, Dr. Pol’s father put him in charge of many of the animals on the premises: from chickens to goats to cows. No wonder he seems so at home with them when he makes farm visits on the show!

RELATED: ‘The Incredible Dr. Pol’ Celebrated National Puppy Day and It’s What We All Need Right Now

His son, Charles, explained to National Geographic in 2014 about his dad’s innate way with animals and how his calling was clearly defined from a young age.

“My dad was born in the Netherlands and grew up on a farm. Initially, he wanted to be a farmer. But there isn’t much farmland left in the Netherlands, so it’s nearly impossible to do. When he was nine years old, his brother called the local vet to help them deliver a litter of piglets. My dad helped the vet, and from that moment on, he knew what he wanted to do.”

Is Dr. Pol’s son, Charles Pol, a vet, too?

While Charles is on screen a great deal with his dad on The Incredible Dr. Pol, helping him with cow birthings and bull castrations, the 41-year-old set his sights from a young age on a more glittery, exciting backdrop – Hollywood.

RELATED: ‘The Incredible Dr. Pol’: What Is His Net Worth and What Is the Veterinarian’s Ethnicity?

Dr. Pol explained to Tribune News Service in 2018, “[Charles] went to film school in Miami and then went to Hollywood. He said, ‘We’re here in Hollywood. Let’s make movies!’ But the writers’ strike was there, and filmmakers were a dime a dozen, and he was here for about eight to ten years.”

“Then he had a friend at Nickelodeon and Charles said, ‘If you want to make a reality show, you should make one with my dad. He’s a veterinarian. He does large animals. He’s in the Midwest, and there’s been nothing like that on TV. And he’s a CHARACTER,’ ” Dr. Pol recalled.

And the rest is history!

The vets-in-training that Dr. Pol is inspiring

One need only look on Twitter at the accolades tweeted out from Dr. Pol’s fans – age ten and younger – who have caught the “Dr. Pol bug” of wanting to devote their lives to caring for animals.

One young fan’s parents tweeted, “My 9 year old just can’t get enough @DrPol. She decorated her room with her own Dr. Pol decorations and apparently had a dream last night that she “pregnancy checked” a cow.”

@DrPol This is Ella she did a wax museum report on Dr. Pol,” wrote another fan about her young daughter. “She taught her class about doing a stomach flip on a cow just like Dr. Pol. That was one of her favorite episodes. Ella is going to be a wonderful vet someday! Just wanted Dr. Pol to know how inspiring he is!”

Even older fans are galvanized by Dr. Pol to appreciate the hard work that goes into caring for working farm animals.

“Well, I’m certainly not 9,” tweeted a mature fan, “but I’m right there with the little gal. Love the show. Even the reruns!”

RELATED: ‘The Incredible Dr. Pol’: The Real Reason Dr. Emily Left

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From 'Into the Unknown: Making Frozen 2' to 'Raven's Home,' Here Are the Television Shows Coming to Disney+ During June 2020

If you’re looking for something new to binge-watch, Disney+ has you covered. With a subscription on this service, viewers can watch a number of new shows beginning this June, including Into the Unknown: Making Frozen 2 and even Schoolhouse Rock.

Here are a few of the Disney Channel, Disney+ original, and even vintage television shows coming to Disney’s streaming platform during June 2020.

‘Schoolhouse Rock’ Season 1

Although this television series debuted in the 1970s, a lot of the lessons still ring true for today, including the iconic “I’m Just a Bill” song. Now, the first season of this series will be available for binge-watching on Disney’s streaming platform. 

Schoolhouse Rock, season 1, premieres on Disney+ on June 19. There’s no word regarding, when or if more episodes will be available on Disney’s subscription service in the future. 

‘Muppet Babies Play Date’ Season 1

There is an original Muppet series heading to Disney+ but in the meantime, fans can watch The Muppet Movie, Muppets Most Wanted, and, most recently, the first season of the series Muppet Babies Play Date.

This Disney Junior animated series features everyone’s favorite characters, including Miss Piggy, Kermit, and Fozzie as they teach young children about friendship. Muppet Babies Play Date season 1 will be available for streaming on June 19. There’s no word regarding if, or when, other seasons of this show will be available on this streaming platform.

‘Into the Unknown: Making Frozen 2’

Have you ever wondered what it’s like to create an Academy award-winning film? For the first time in forever, Disney is giving fans a behind-the-scenes look at this animated film, with the documentary series, Into the Unknown: Making Frozen 2. 

This highly anticipated Disney+ original premieres on June 26. Until then, the original Frozen and Frozen 2 movies are available on this subscription service.

‘101 Dalmatians’ Season 1

If you love dogs or Disney live-action or animated versions of 101 Dalmatians, this animated series based on the lovable characters tells even more about their adventures together. This series originally premiered in 1997, it will be available for streaming on Disney+ on June 19.

‘A.N.T. Farm’

For the first time ever, all three seasons of this series starring China Anne McClain joins the Disney+ streaming library. This Disney Channel original features the stories of a few remarkable kids as they encounter problems both in class and outside.

‘Raven’s Home’ Season 3

Ever wonder what happened to Raven Baxter after the finale of That’s So Raven? Thankfully, Disney Channel had a vision and shared it with fans. In 2017, the television network debuted Raven’s Home, a series regarding Raven, her best friend Chelsea, and her two children. 

Although some seasons of Raven’s Home were already available for binge-watching on Disney’s streaming platform, for the first time ever, season 3 joins the Disney+ library on June 26. To learn more about Disney+ and to subscribe, visit their website. 

RELATED: Disney Fans Are Reminiscing Over the ‘Disney Channel Games’ and Other Throwback Specials

RELATED: It’s a (Zoom) Party Get Down — The Cast of ‘Sonny With a Chance’ and ‘So Random’ Have a Reunion Over Video Chat

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Clint Eastwood Turns 90: The Actor Didn't Even Star in His Own Biggest Hit

Most actors dream of simply making it in Hollywood. And of those who do, few create decades-long careers on par with someone like Clint Eastwood.

The legendary actor-director — who turned 90 on May 31, 2020 — has a reputation for being extremely prolific. Indeed, he’s made countless movies over the years.

But ironically, Eastwood doesn’t headline his biggest hit.

Clint Eastwood’s legendary career

Surprisingly, Eastwood’s early credits in the 1950s didn’t only consist of Westerns. He appeared uncredited in bit parts in a few movies. But the actor really found his niche when he landed a main role in Western series Rawhide, which ran on CBS from 1959 to 1965.

During the show’s run, Eastwood found big-screen success with what would become known as The Man with No Name trilogy. From 1964 to 1966, he starred in a trio of spaghetti Westerns for director Sergio Leone, which culminated in The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly.

From that point on, Eastwood was known for his Westerns. But he also established a diverse career, including action comedies, war movies, and dramas. Perhaps most notably, he took on the title role in 1971’s Dirty Harry and its sequels. But that same year, Eastwood’s career took a major turn.

RELATED: The Last Time a Clint Eastwood Movie Bombed Like ‘Richard Jewell’ Did in Its Opening Weekend

He’s arguably become even more successful behind the camera

It’s become a cliché for an actor to claim he or she really wants to direct. So no one knew what to expect when Eastwood hopped behind the camera for Play Misty for Me. The psychological thriller clearly unlocked the star’s potential to lend more than his on-screen presence to a project.

From then on, Eastwood began to increasingly take charge of his career. He directed more than a dozen other movies in the 1970s and 1980s. Then, in 1992, Unforgiven earned Eastwood his first Oscars. But rather than winning for Best Actor, Eastwood took home Best Picture and Best Director trophies.

With his newfound awards recognition, Eastwood focused much more on directing and acting. Since Unforgiven, he’s directed more than 20 movies and only appeared as the lead in roughly half of them. In fact, some of his greatest successes — such as 2003’s Mystic River — don’t feature Eastwood.

RELATED: Before ‘American Sniper’: Bradley Cooper’s 8 Best Movie Roles

‘American Sniper’ stands as his biggest box office earner

Overall, the 2000s have been a great time for Eastwood. The actor-director has landed a number of box office hits. The Mule, Sully, and Gran Torino all connected to audiences. But no movie in Eastwood’s filmography has made the impact of 2014’s American Sniper.

In the movie, Bradley Cooper delivers an Oscar-nominated performance as a Navy S.E.A.L. sniper trying to adjust to life after the war. Eastwood only appears very briefly in an uncredited cameo as a churchgoer. American Sniper earned six Oscar nods and $350 million at the domestic box office.

Eastwood hasn’t matched that level of success since. In fact, his most recent film, Richard Jewell, underperformed. If there’s one thing fans know about the star, it’s never to count him out. After all, Eastwood is in his eighth decade of show business. So who knows what else he has in store.

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'The Challenge 35': Johnny Devenanzio Gave Josh Martinez Advice Regarding Swaggy C in Bonus Scene

Big Brother 19 winner Josh Martinez and rookie Chris “Swaggy C” Williams, who competed on BB20, aligned on The Challenge 35: Total Madness due to their shared pasts. However, Josh noticed that Swaggy C also partnered with Wes Bergmann, someone the BB winner deems his enemy. Therefore, the two got into a verbal argument at a local club. Before the former allies went at it, six-time champ Johnny “Bananas” Devenanzio gave Josh advice about how to deal with the situation in a bonus scene.

[SPOILER ALERT: This article contains information revealed in The Challenge 35 Episode 9.]

Josh Martinez considers Wes Bergmann his ‘enemy’

Three-time competitor Josh Martinez and veteran Wes Bergmann are currently competing in their third season together. Even though they didn’t target each other in War of the Worlds, the two came head to head in the following season.

Josh, Speaker of the Tribunal at the time, didn’t want to throw in Theo Campbell to face off against Stephen Bear in elimination as Wes demanded. Therefore, Josh flipped on the two-time champ and sent him into elimination instead of Theo. Surprisingly, Bear eliminated Wes.

When the two returned for the next season, Josh thought he and the 13-time player would “be against each other” because the BB champ had a hand in his early elimination in War of the Worlds 2.

RELATED: ‘The Challenge’ Star Josh Martinez Will Share ‘A Lot of His Personal Life’ for the First Time in Season 35

The three-time competitor chose Wes as one of the three guys to interrogate when he got into the Tribunal because Josh believed the two were gunning for each other.

However, Wes clarified and explained he would not target the BB19 winner because he only “goes for people who can beat me in a final.” Wes also threw a low blow and called Josh the “worst player” of the season. 

Swaggy C and Josh Martinez got into a verbal altercation

Rookies and engaged couple Chris “Swaggy C” Williams and Bayleigh Dayton are aligned with other BB prospects, including Kaycee Clark and Fessy Shafaat.

However, the two also have a side alliance with Wes. During Fessy’s and Jordan Wiseley’s elimination, Josh figured out Swaggy C and his “enemy” were working together, upsetting him.

RELATED: ‘The Challenge’: Who Are the Top 5 Highest Paid Cast Members?

The BB19 champ eventually went off on his former ally while the two were at a club as he believed Swaggy C was fake. The verbal argument almost escalated into a physical altercation when Josh threw a drink on Swaggy C, but Bayleigh and security broke up the pending fight.

Before the two came face-to-face, Johnny “Bananas” Devenanzio gave Josh advice.

Johnny ‘Bananas’ Devenanzio gave Josh Martinez advice before fight

In a bonus scene, Josh admitted his annoyance with the BB couple to Johnny Bananas and Aneesa Ferreira. He explained he doesn’t like how the two pretend not to care about “numbers” and claim they are loyal to Josh when they’re also having “secret meetings with Wes.”

The behavior upset the three-time competitor because he would rather have a nemesis over a friend who pretends to have his back and works with the enemy. Johnny Bananas agreed with Josh, saying, “one fake friend is worse than 10 enemies.”

RELATED: ‘The Challenge 35’: Johnny Bananas Says His New Alliance with Wes Bergmann was a ‘No-Brainer’

However, he pointed out that “the dynamics of the house changes like the weather.” Therefore, Josh only has to “weather the storm” as power constantly shifts with whoever gets into the Tribunal.

Even though the three-time champ still let his emotions get the best of him, he claims he apologized to Swaggy C a couple of days later.

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The most apocalyptic killer virus coming home to roost

The apocalyptic virus that would make corona seem irrelevant: Leading scientist warns of the danger of a pandemic triggered by chicken farms that could kill half the world’s population

  • Here’s how to help people impacted by Covid-19

Just when we seem to be easing out of the crisis, just as the death toll slows and new hospital admissions for coronavirus head towards zero, just as we begin to allow ourselves the first tentative sigh of relief, along comes a new book by an American doctor to tell us: this, folks, is just the dress rehearsal.

The real show, the plague in which half of us may well die, is yet to come.

And, if we don’t change our ways, it could be just around the corner. What we are experiencing now may feel bad enough but is, apparently, small beer.

The key to all this woe awaiting us is ‘zoonoses’ — the scientific term for infections that pass from animals to humans. They cross over from them to us and overwhelm our natural immune systems, with potentially fatal consequences on an unimaginable scale [File photo]

In the ‘hurricane scale’ of epidemics, Covid- 19, with a death rate of around half of one per cent, rates a measly Category Two, possible a Three — a big blow but not catastrophic.

The Big One, the typhoon to end all typhoons, will be 100 times worse when it comes, a Category Five producing a fatality rate of one in two — a coin flip between life and death — as it gouges its way through the earth’s population of nearly eight billion people. Civilisation as we know it would cease.

What’s more, he adds ominously, ‘with pandemics explosively spreading a virus from human to human, it’s never a matter of if, but when’. 

This apocalyptic warning comes from Dr Michael Greger, a scientist, medical guru and campaigning nutritionist who has long advocated the overwhelming benefits of a plant-based diet. He’s a self-confessed sweet potatoes, kale and lentils man. Meat, in all its forms, is his bete noire.

He has also done a lot of research into infectious diseases — the 3,600 footnotes and references in his mammoth 500-page book bear witness to that. 

Just when we seem to be easing out of the crisis, just as the death toll slows and new hospital admissions for coronavirus head towards zero, just as we begin to allow ourselves the first tentative sigh of relief, along comes a new book by an American doctor to tell us: this, folks, is just the dress rehearsal [File photo]

His conclusion is that our close connection to animals — keeping them, killing them, eating them — makes us vulnerable to the worst kind of epidemic. With every pork sausage, bacon sandwich and chicken nugget, we are dicing with death.

The key to all this woe awaiting us is ‘zoonoses’ — the scientific term for infections that pass from animals to humans. They cross over from them to us and overwhelm our natural immune systems, with potentially fatal consequences on an unimaginable scale.

These viruses are generally benign in the host, but mutate, adapt themselves to a different species and become lethal.

Thus tuberculosis was acquired millennia ago through goats, measles came from sheep and goats, smallpox from camels, leprosy from water buffalo, whooping cough from pigs, typhoid fever from chickens and the cold virus from cattle and horses. These zoonoses rarely get to humans directly, but via the bridge of another species.

Civets were the route for SARS to get from bats to humans; with MERS it was camels. Covid-19 originated in bats, but probably got to us by way of an infected pangolin, a rare and endangered scaly anteater whose meat is considered a delicacy in some parts of the world and whose scales are used in traditional medicines.

Once Covid-19 got a toehold, thanks to globalisation, it travelled fast and far among humans, leading to the perilous state we are in today. ‘Just one meal or medicine,’ notes Greger, ‘may end up costing humanity trillions of dollars and millions of lives’.

In many parts of the world, particularly China and the U.S., the vast majority of broiler chickens are reared in intensive sheds so overcrowded that each bird has an area no bigger than an A4 sheet of paper

Which is a trifle, though, compared with what could happen next time, when the bridge the virus crosses to infect is likely to be just about the most prevalent creature on the planet — the humble chicken.

There are a mind-blowing 24 billion of them spread around the globe — getting on for double the number there were just 20 years ago. 

We gulp down their cheap-as-chips meat and eggs by the ton, and turn a blind eye to the factory-farming conditions in which they are reared, force-fed with chemicals and slaughtered. 

We in the West may kid ourselves into xenophobic complacency about lethal viruses, content to shrug off the blame for them getting out of hand onto cultures that lap up bat soup or pickled pangolins.

So it’s a bit of a shock to be told the greatest danger of all is lurking in our back yard.

Because if Dr Greger’s prediction is anywhere near true, the diseases harboured by chickens, notably influenza, could end up damn nearly wiping us out.

Influenza is scientists’ top pick for humanity’s next killer plague. It most famously turned deadly on a vast scale back in 1918-20, infecting at least 500 million people — a third of the world’s population at the time — and killing 10 per cent of them, possibly more.

The World Health Organisation describes it as the ‘most deadly disease event in the history of humanity’. 

It killed more people in a single year than the Black Death — the bubonic plague in the Middle Ages — did in a century, and more people in 25 weeks than Aids killed in 25 years.

Death was quick but not gentle. ‘Spanish Flu’, as it misleadingly came to be known, began innocuously with a cough and aching muscles, followed by fever, before exploding into action, leaving many victims with blood squirting from their nose, ears, and eye sockets. 

Purple blood blisters appeared on their skin. Froth poured from their lungs and many turned blue before suffocating. A pathologist who performed post-mortem examinations spoke of lungs six times their normal weight and so full of blood they looked ‘like melted redcurrant jelly’.

Normal flu — the type we see every year — targets the old and infirm, but the 1918 variety wiped out those in the prime of life, with mortality peaking among 20 to 34-year-olds. It stopped spreading after two years only when everyone was either dead or immune and it ran out of people to infect.

For decades, the precise starting point of humanity’s greatest killer was an unsolved puzzle, though pigs were suspected. Not until 2005 was it scientifically established that the Spanish Flu was avian influenza. Its source was birds. 

This apocalyptic warning comes from Dr Michael Greger, a scientist, medical guru and campaigning nutritionist who has long advocated the overwhelming benefits of a plant-based diet

Since that mass outbreak among humans in the early part of the 20th century, bird flu has remained just that — largely confined to its host creature.

The worry is that the virus never stands still but is always mutating, and in 1997 a new strain emerged, known as H5N1, which crossed over into humans.

This is the monster lurking in the undergrowth, the one that makes epidemiologists shudder. 

According to infectious disease expert Professor Michael Osterholm, it is a ‘kissing cousin of the 1918 virus’ and could lead to a repeat of 1918, but in an even more lethal way. The 1997 outbreak started with a three-year-old boy in Hong Kong, whose sore throat and tummy ache turned into a disease that curdled his blood and killed him within a week from acute respiratory and organ failure.

If it had spread, Lam Hoi-ka would have been patient zero for a new global pandemic. Fortunately, it was contained. Just 18 people contracted it, a third of whom died.

Those figures demonstrated its extreme lethality. but also that, thank goodness, it was slow to be transmitted. What worried public health scientists, however, was that the new strain turned out to be only a few mutations away from being able to replicate itself rapidly in human tissue. Here was the potential for a nightmare scenario — extreme lethality combined with ease of transmission.

One expert declared: ‘The only thing I can think of that could take a larger human death toll would be thermonuclear war.’

And where had the H5N1 in Hong Kong originated? Greger claims that in a subsequent investigation, the strongest risk factor to emerge was either direct or indirect contact with poultry. The birds in the pets corner at Lam Hoi-ka’s nursery even came under suspicion.

‘Thankfully,’ he adds, ‘H5N1 has so far remained a virus mainly of poultry, not people.’

But for how long? ‘It and other new and deadly animal viruses like it are still out there, still mutating, with an eye on the eight-billion-strong buffet of human hosts.’

And if, God forbid, it were to take hold, it would be many times worse than before. Like the 1918 version of the virus, H5N1 has a proclivity for the lungs, but it doesn’t stop there. It can go on to invade the bloodstream and ravage other internal organs until it is nothing short of a whole-body infection.

That’s why it is the one to fear. It has the potential to be at least ten times more lethal than it was in 1918. As human contagious diseases go, only Ebola and untreated HIV infection are deadlier. And what if the virus went airborne as well as passed by touch? The result, to quote The Lancet medical journal, would be a ‘massively frightening’ global disaster.

So what can we do to make us safe from such a catastrophic fate? Greger is convinced that it is man messing about with nature that puts us in harm’s way. We need to change our ways.

In Malaysia 20 years ago, the slash-and-burn destruction of forests to make way for cultivation forced out fruit bats, which took up residence in mango trees next to pig farms. The fruit bats dribbled urine and saliva into the pig pens, passing on the Nipah virus.

The pigs developed an explosive cough, went into spasms and died. In the process, the virus spread to other animals, including humans. It was particularly virulent.

More than half the humans who caught it died, and it was considered so deadly a pathogen that the U.S. listed it as a possible bio-terrorism agent.

Influenza is scientists’ top pick for humanity’s next killer plague. It most famously turned deadly on a vast scale back in 1918-20, infecting at least 500 million people — a third of the world’s population at the time — and killing 10 per cent of them, possibly more

Nipah was also the template for the virus in the 2011 film Contagion — which has become top Netflix viewing during the Covid-19 pandemic. What put an end to the seven-month Nipah outbreak in Malaysia was slaughtering swathes of the country’s pig population. More than a million were destroyed. It was the same solution with H5N1 bird flu in Hong Kong, where killing all the chickens in the territory eliminated the virus.

It always is. Around the world, culling on a grand scale has been the accepted response to outbreaks of swine flu and bird flu.

But then the pig herds and chicken flocks are allowed to regenerate, and we’re back to square one. To Professor Osterholm it makes no sense to keep replenishing the stock after each cull, given that ‘each new chicken born and hatched is a brand new incubator for the virus’.

H5N1 is continually taking shots at sustained human-to-human transmission, and by re-populating the global poultry flock, all we do is keep reloading the gun.

In theory, Greger agrees. The only way to be sure of preventing future pandemics is to kill all the chickens in the world.

Is that even feasible, you may rightly ask? Chicken and eggs are dominant foodstuffs around the world, hence those 24 billion of them referred to earlier.

Although the vegan in Greger might ultimately favour removing them completely from the food chain, he recognises the problem in doing so. A less drastic course of action, to avoid what Osterholm describes as ‘the biggest single human disaster ever, with the potential to redirect world history’, is to change entirely the way we ‘farm’ chickens.

The domestication of animals began aeons ago and with it the problem of viruses crossing species. But when it was a few chickens and other animals free-ranging around the farmyard, the risk was limited.

Greger’s preferred wish is that, instead of restocking after every cull, the world as a whole should raise and eat one last global batch of chickens, and then break for ever the viral link between ducks, chickens and humans

All that changed with the modern switch to large-scale factory farming. In many parts of the world, particularly China and the U.S., the vast majority of broiler chickens are reared in intensive sheds so overcrowded that each bird has an area no bigger than an A4 sheet of paper.

When they are fully grown, one observer said, what you see in front of you is like a carpet of feathers. 

You couldn’t put your hand between the birds, and if one fell over it would be lucky to stand up again because of the crush of the others.

Chickens kept for eggs are in vast batteries of stacked cages with not enough space to flap their wings.

Add to that poor ventilation, poor litter conditions, poor hygiene and the high ammonia level from their droppings and it’s no wonder that diseases flourish. The more animals are jammed together, says Greger, ‘the more spins the virus may get at the roulette wheel while gambling for the pandemic jackpot that may be hidden in the lining of the chickens’ lungs’.

H5N1 was originally a mild virus found in migrating ducks; if it killed its host immediately, it too would die.

But when its next host’s beak is just an inch away, the virus can evolve to kill quickly and still survive. With tens of thousands, if not hundreds of thousands, of susceptible hosts in a single chicken shed, the virus can rapidly cycle from one bird to the next, accumulating adaptive mutations.

As one eminent Australian professor of microbiology puts it: ‘We have unnaturally brought to our doorstep pandemic-capable viruses and given them the opportunity not only to infect and destroy huge numbers of birds, but to jump into the human race.’

To counter this, says Greger, the very least we need to do is shift from mass production of chickens to smaller flocks raised under less stressful, less crowded, and more hygienic conditions, with outdoor access, no use of human antivirals, and with an end to the practice of breeding for rapid growth or unnatural egg production at the expense of immunity.

And even that may not be enough. Greger’s preferred wish is that, instead of restocking after every cull, the world as a whole should raise and eat one last global batch of chickens, and then break for ever the viral link between ducks, chickens and humans.

‘The pandemic cycle could theoretically be broken for good,’ he writes. ‘Bird flu could be grounded.’ But until then, he warns, ‘as long as there is poultry, there will be pandemics. In the end, it may be us or them’.

The fact is that, even when or if coronavirus is beaten into submission, it will be no more than a truce in an on-going battle rather than a victory. 

This is a time to reflect on the words of the late Nobel prize-winning biologist Joseph Lederberg when he wrote: ‘We live in evolutionary competition with bacteria and viruses. There is no guarantee that we will be the survivors.’

And even if Covid-19 is indeed receding, we should remind ourselves, with a shudder, of the tag-line for the film Jaws 2: ‘Just when you though it was safe to go back into the water . . . ’

How To Survive A Pandemic by Michael Greger MD is published by Bluebird. Available on Kindle now, £8.99, and in paperback from August 20, £14.99. © Michael Greger 2020.

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'The Young and the Restless': Here's When to Expect New Episodes

It’s been weeks since the last new episode of The Young and the Restless aired. For now, CBS is showing nostalgic episodes to keep viewers tuned in. That said, when can fans expect to catch a new episode of the hit daytime drama?

Fans enjoy repeat episodes on ‘The Young and the Restless’

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With all the changes due to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, shows are making the best of re-airing old episodes. The Young and Restless has been treating fans to different theme weeks. The most recent gift is that of some of the soap’s best villains, including Kimberling Brown-Pelxer as Shelia Carter.

“Sheila Carter is the Thanos of soap opera villains,” one fan tweeted.

“I’ve seen all the villains of Y&R and none can compare to Sheila.. none can come close to her evilness and her expressions.. she is truly someone you love to hate…Kimberlin Brown rocks the role,” another added.

“I love all Sheila episodes. Give us a full week of Sheila, please,” this fan echoed.

The comments go on and on, demonstrating how beloved the old episodes truly are. Next week, the series will focus on one of the show’s most legendary families.

“It’s all about the Abbotts!” the show account posted on Instagram. “Next week’s episodes of #YR will feature a beloved and legendary family in Genoa City. Please join us for The Abbotts Week on The Young and the Restless starting this Monday!”

Here’s when to expect new ‘Y&R’ episodes (probably)

RELATED: ‘The Young and the Restless’: Who Played Villain Sheila Carter and Where Is She Now?

News recently broke of The Bold and the Beautiful‘s possible return. The sister daytime soap to Y&R had originally planned to shut down for just two weeks. As the pandemic raged on, plans changed and it’s the same with other soaps like The Young and the Restless.

According to Deadline, cast and crew allegedly received memos stating production might resume in June. While there are a lot of moving parts when dealing with something like COVID-19, the news is a breath of fresh air to dedicated fans.

The outlet further added that if filming resumes in June, new episodes for B&B would air in late summer. Logic would conclude that, if B&B’s cast and crew are slated to get back to work in June, Y&R can’t be far behind.

The worst-case scenario is obviously more downtime and re-runs of older episodes. However, the best case leads us to believe Y&R — which typically films 4-6 weeks in advance of airdates — will have new episodes ready by late summer, too.

Will the pandemic affect production once filming resumes?

RELATED: ‘The Young and the Restless’: Inside Victoria Rowell’s Outrageous Claims Against Former Co-Stars That Led to 2-Year Court Battle

COVID-19 changed a lot of things, namely TV and the way shows will be filmed in the future. If the possibility of June production is in the air, we have to assume all safety measures will be taken to protect the cast and crew.

Everyone involved will likely have to meet specific CDC guidelines as well as those set by Television City and approved by Hollywood unions to film safely.

With some of The Young and the Restless stars who may be considered “high risk” (albeit it for age or other health conditions), some fan favorites may not have their stories highlighted until it’s safe for their return to the set. Similarly, writers may find alternative ways to write those stories and/or film for those characters.

Whatever happens, fans of the CBS hit soap are loving the old episodes, while hanging tight for new ones.

The Young and the Restless airs weekdays on CBS.

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Myka Stauffer: Who is the YouTuber who rehomed her adopted son Huxley?

Putting yourself out there as an online influencer is risky business.

YouTuber Myka Stauffer has come under fire this week for “rehoming” her adopted son Huxley, who is autistic. “I wouldn’t trade him for anything!” the Ohio-based social media star once gushed in a cuddly 2018 Instagram post, which doubled as a paid ad for Dreft laundry detergent for newborns.

Fast-forward to Wednesday: Stauffer, 32, and her husband James, 34, announced they had given up 4-year-old Huxley in a tearful video uploaded to her YouTube channel. One follower was quick to clap back at the apparent hypocrisy in her 2018 Insta ad, commenting “This post didn’t age well.”

After increasing backlash, the couple released a statement through their lawyers which reads in part, “Over time, the team of medical professionals advised our clients it might be best for Huxley to be placed with another family.”

The statement from Thomas Taneff Co., LPA lawyers, a firm based in Columbus, continued: “To be clear this did NOT include any considerations for placement in the foster system, but rather to hand-select a family who is equipped to handle Huxley’s needs.”

Since posting the update, Stauffer has hemorrhaged 6,000 of her over 700,000 YouTube followers, according to the social media tracker Social Blade, a favorite analytics platform for influencers. The analytics watchdog also predicts Stauffer will lose about 73,052 weekly views on her channel. Still, that doesn’t tell the whole story. She currently has 195,000 followers on Instagram as of Friday afternoon — an increase of 3,000 followers since this morning.

But who is exactly is this disgraced online personality? According to her own YouTube bio, she’s a “Mommy of 4 from Ohio and Married to my best friend.” Her biological children are Kova, 8, Jake, 6, Radley, 4, and Onyx, 11 months.

Here’s what else we know about Stauffer:

She was grounded for a year at 16 for losing her virginity.

Stauffer was raised by a single mom until she was 2 years old.

“I went to go look at my birth pictures and there were only pictures of my mom and my grandma holding me,” Stauffer says in one YouTube confessional with more than 732,000 views. She also reveals that her mother had her when she was 16. “I got to go to some really cool parties [and] I got to go to a bunch of concerts, which is a perk of having younger parents.”

She calls her childhood “basic, regular, and I loved everything about it,” but says she found out a shocking secret at 16.

“My mom told me my dad was not my biological father. I had no clue. It was like the biggest bomb had been dropped on me.” According to Stauffer, her biological father had committed suicide the year prior to her finding out about him. “I just remember crying my eyes out,” she says. The teen decided to lash out.

“The next day I lost my virginity. I had planned to save myself for marriage. It wasn’t even a question in my mind,” says Stauffer. “When my identity was flipped upside down, everything went out the window.”

She calls it “one of my biggest regrets,” adding that she was grounded for an entire year as punishment. She calls the 12 months of lockdown, “a pivotal moment — with a lot of opportunity for self-growth.”

In that time, Stauffer found religion — “I started getting really close to the Lord”— and says she was baptized as a Catholic that year. “I was an ornery, stubborn teenager, hooking up with the most popular senior at school, but I had this opportunity to transform my situation.”

She was a single mom before she was a ‘Mommy’ of five — then four

About eight years ago, Stauffer left her then-fiancé, with her daughter Kova in tow. “Something happened in regards to infidelity, and I left,” hints Stauffer in a video from 2016.

She says she met Kova’s dad, a doctor, in college and says they got pregnant about four months into their relationship. The couple miscarried, and the doc proposed in a horse and buggy ride through Chicago while on a trip to lift their spirits. They decided to try again a few months later. “On Thanksgiving, we conceived Kova. [On] “Christmas day I took a pregnancy test and was pregnant,” says Stauffer in the clip.

“It was the hardest year ever,” the blonde blogger says of the time after walking out on her husband to be. “I broke up with her dad one day before we were supposed to go on a very nice vacation and one week before we were supposed to move into this beautiful dream house,” she says. “I walked away from everything because it wasn’t a future I was comfortable with.”

Eventually, she would meet her now-husband James, a car detailer, who proposed in Times Square in Manhattan eight months after they met.

Before becoming a stay-at-home mom, she was a nurse

After the blonde moved to “a tiny apartment,” Stauffer claims she had to pick up three nursing jobs to make ends meet.

“I had one full-time nursing job and 2 PRN, which means I’d pick up nursing shifts when they needed me,” says Stauffer.  “I picked up as many as I could to afford being a single mom.” She claims to have worked in nursing homes in Ohio and an oncology unit in Indianapolis, where she was living with James.

She idolizes Bethenny Frankel

“If you know me, you know I’m a Bethenny Frankel girl,” says the Ohio mom in another video with more than 320,000 views. “When she broke up with her husband, it made her feel more real that my biggest role model went through the same thing as me at the exact same time,” adds Stuaffer, who says she read Frankel’s books and “was inspired.”

She raves of the Skinny Girl entrepreneur former “RHONY” star: “She is one of the most powerful women that I know. She has the guts and kudos.”

Stauffer is a sometimes-vegan

The Ohio mom has a ton of videos including pregnancy updates, KonMari closet cleanouts and DIY Christmas gift ideas. She also has vlogs detailing her diet, which seems to be mostly plant-based.

“I have been Raw Vegan for quite some time and prefer it as my diet since I always have the most energy and feel amazing when I following [sic] it very strictly,” reads one video bio, though her Instagram stories feature eggs and salmon. Superfood smoothies with maca powder, a vegan alfredo zucchini noodles dish, and detox salads feature on her social feeds as well.

She says she practices intuitive eating, the so-called “anti-diet” where you eat only when hungry, and claims “I stop eating at 6 o’clock every single night so I can have a longer duration of fast to help my digestive tract.”

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The next big fashion trend could be antiviral clothing

Antiviral products going, well, viral is nothing new. While slowly creeping back onto shelves, the nationwide shortage of hand sanitizers is still a recent memory (via New York Times). To protect ourselves from the novel coronavirus, we as a society will try just about anything. As we buy up sanitizers, wipes, and add face masks to our wardrobes, we continue the quest for extra protection. Next on that quest may be antiviral clothing. 

Canadian inventor Giancarlo Beevis describes the inspiration: “As people start to go back to work and we try to restart our economy, they want to feel protected” (via Fast Company). Beevis’ vision for the textile market has been spurred forward by a partnership with Youngdo Kim, CEO of Okyung International, a Korean textile manufacturer, in what the partners hope will be a fast-tracked, emergency use claim that their product kills this coronavirus. Pending FDA approval, and in cooperation with the EPA, the product is being developed at Intelligent Fabric Technologies North America (IFTNA) and called PROTX2 AV. In lab results the product is said to have “destroyed 99.9 percent of COVID-19 within 10 minutes, with residual killing power for 24 hours.”

Beyond masks, antiviral clothing could offer extra protection

So how does it work? It’s likely the PROTX2 AV will perform in a similar manner to the company’s antibacterial line, PROTX2. The product claims to inhibit bacterial growth while retaining fabric’s natural characteristics. Companies across the globe are rushing to capitalize on this new technology, considering applications of this antiviral chemical on PPE, military clothing, travel wear, and everyday items, too. 

It is unclear whether clothing will all have the substance pre-applied, or whether treatments will mirror an early discussion about antiviral laundry additives, but it’s likely both options will eventually become available. One example we can draw some conclusions from is that of Scotch Guard, which is applied as a spray. No matter how it gets to us, antiviral clothing has the makings of big business. The antimicrobial textile market is on track to surpass $20.5 billion by 2026 (via PR Newswire).

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