Take this test to see if you’re one of 7million Brits at risk of type 2 diabetes
AROUND 90 per cent of people in the UK who have diabetes are type 2.
If left untreated it can prompt serious health conditions – but how can you tell if you're one of the seven million Brits at risk of the condition?
This new test, designed by Diabetes UK helps you discover whether or not you're at risk of developing the condition.
All you need to take the test is an accurate measurement of your height, weight and waist size.
If you live in England then your results could make you eligible for the Healthier You NHS Diabetes Prevention Programme.
Once you have filled out all of the questions below you will be given a risk score.
These are marked as low (0-6), increased (7-15), moderate (16-24) or high (25-47).
For example you might be at an increased risk if you have a higher BMI or if you have a family history of the condition.
You score points for each selection you choose, the more points you have – the higher your risk of diabetes.
TAKE THE TEST
First off you will be asked your gender – and this is because men are generally at a higher risk of type 2 diabetes than women.
You can add one point if you're a man.
You will then be asked your age – the older you get, the more likely you are to have developed type 2 diabetes.
If you are 70 or order you add 13 points, 60-69 add nine points, 50-59 add five points.
The next question is about your ethnic background, this is due to the fact that some ethnic groups are more likely to develop the condition than others.
All other ethnic groups aside from white Europeans add six points.
Having a close relative who has diabetes can also put you at risk, so you'll then be asked if your parents, brother, sister or child/children has diabetes.
Add five points if you have relatives with the condition.
You will then be asked your waist size.
To measure it accurately, Diabetes UK says: "Many of us underestimate our waist size.
"Make sure you use a tape measure and use your fingers to feel for your bottom rib and the top of your hip bone and measure around your body directly between these two points."
If your waist measure 110cm or above add nine points, 100 – 109.9 add six points and 90 to 99.9 add four points.
Next you will be asked your height and weight and this will give you your estimated BMI (Body Mass Index).
What is type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes is the more common form of the disease – accounting for between 85 and 95 per cent of all cases, according to Diabetes UK.
It develops when the insulin-producing cells in the body are unable to produce enough insulin.
It can also be triggered when the insulin that is produced doesn’t work properly.
Typically, people are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes from the age of 40, but there are some exceptions.
In people from southern Asia the disease can appear as early as 25.
And the condition is becoming more prevalent in children, teenagers of all ethnicities.
Experts suggest the rising rates of type 2 diabetes is due to the obesity epidemic – a key cause of type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes can be treated with drugs, and many people can reverse their condition by adopting a healthy lifestyle – a healthy diet and exercise.
If you have a BMI of 35 or above then you add eight points, 30-34.9 add five points, 25 – 29.9 add three points.
The BMI has long been used as a way to understand when someone is under and overweight.
But some experts have previously slammed the measurement and have claimed it is no longer an effective way to measure how healthy a person is.
A normal BMI is considered to be between 18.5 and 24.9.
It's important to note however that the quiz does not factor in how much physical activity you do on a weekly basis.
The next question on the test focuses on your blood pressure and you will be asked whether or not a doctor has ever told you that you have high blood pressure – or if you have ever been on medication for it.
You should add five points if you answered yes to this section.
Once you have filled out all of the questions you will be given a risk score.
You will then be shown what areas of your health and wellbeing you could amend to lower your risk.
Diabetes UK sections these off into things you can't control such as ethnicity or if your parents had the condition and things you can, such as your weight and blood pressure levels.
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